At Arbor-care we are constantly assessing how we can introduce smarter, more effective working methods to make our clients’ lives easier. The introduction of a tractor-drawn flail to clear plantations of weeds is a prime example.
In forestry the area between rows of trees, commonly referred to as the interrow, should be kept relatively free of weeds to allow for easy access into the plantation, reduce incendiary material for fires and reduce competition between the weeds and the trees for water, nutrients and light. This clearing is traditionally done either by manually slashing down the weeds or treating the weeds with herbicides applied with knapsack sprayers. Both methods are labour intensive and time-consuming and in a move to modernise and reduce costs we decided to investigate more mechanical alternatives.
We first tried clearing the interrow with a tractor-drawn disc harrow and in some areas this proved to be reasonably successful. However, where there are old tree stumps in the interrow, the discs are easily damaged which results in downtime and additional costs. Another concern is that the surface capillary roots of the young trees are cut by the discs while clearing and the effect of this on tree growth is still to be determined.
We then came up with an innovative mechanical alternative: a tractor-drawn flail. The flail comprises a hydraulically driven horizontal shaft to which heavy duty chains are fitted, encased in a housing that prevents flailed debris from flying out and causing damage. The spinning chains are set to just brush the surface of the soil and remove the weeds with very limited disturbance of the surface. The flail can pass over stumps up to 300mm in height and also doesn’t harm the capillary roots. In addition, the flail mulches any dry branches and other organic material on the interrow, returning nutrients to the soil.
This clearing method has proved to be so successful that Thuthugani Contractors currently has three flails working in Northern KZN.
- Chemical weed control (broadcast, spot and pre-plant spraying)
- Storage and handling of herbicide
- Understanding of herbicide labels
- Calibration of knapsack sprayers and herbicide (calculations)
- Application of herbicide in field
- Identification of targeted weeds
- Timing of controlling weeds (season/weather)
- Handling and servicing of knapsack sprayers
- Protective clothing for herbicide handlers as per toxicity of a specific herbicide.
- Conservation work (control of alien invasive weeds on open areas)
- Identification of alien invasive species (as listed on CARA list)
- Treatment of each weed specie (as per Mondi standard)
- Tools and PPE used on conservation ops.
- Herbicide application methods (cut stump, frilling and/or foliar).
- Forest fire protection
- Basic fire fighting
- Fire fighting tools/use of FF tools and protective clothing
- Fire safety
- Fire protection symposium/competition.